Does Homeowners Insurance Cover Bed Bug Infestation?

Home is where the heart is, and it’s also where we expect to feel safe and secure. But what happens when unwelcome guests, like bed bugs, decide to crash at your place? Bed bug infestations can be a nightmare, causing discomfort, sleepless nights, and even health problems. So, you might be wondering: does my homeowners insurance cover this?

In this article, we’ll dive into the world of homeowners insurance and how it relates to bed bug infestations. We’ll look at what homeowners insurance usually covers, why bed bugs are a unique challenge, and why many insurance policies often exclude them. Plus, we’ll share tips on how to get coverage for bed bug issues, break down the potential costs of dealing with these pests, and offer advice on prevention and remediation.

Understanding Homeowners Insurance

What is Homeowners Insurance?

Homeowners insurance is a safety net for many, providing coverage for a variety of risks that homeowners may face. Typically, it covers damages to your home and personal belongings from events like fires, storms, and theft. However, it’s important to understand that not everything is covered. Common exclusions include damage from floods, earthquakes, termites, mold, and normal wear and tear.

One of the most notable exclusions is pest infestations. Standard policies generally do not cover damage caused by animals or pests such as rats, termites, bees, bats, bed bugs, or other infestations. This means that if your home becomes infested with bed bugs, the cost of extermination and any related damages are typically not covered by your insurance.

Understanding these exclusions is crucial for homeowners to manage their expectations and plan accordingly for potential out-of-pocket expenses. It’s also worth noting that while standard policies have these exclusions, some insurers offer additional coverage options that can be added to your policy to protect against certain risks.

The Nature of Bed Bug Infestations

Bed bugs are small, nocturnal insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals. They are known for their ability to spread quickly and infest homes, hotels, and other places where people gather. Bed bugs are not considered a sudden or accidental event because they typically enter homes through luggage, clothing, or furniture and then multiply rapidly if not addressed promptly.

The spread of bed bugs is facilitated by their excellent hitchhiking abilities. They can easily attach themselves to clothing, luggage, and other personal items, making it simple for them to move from one location to another. Once inside a home, bed bugs can hide in various places such as mattress seams, furniture crevices, and even electrical outlets.

Bed bugs are considered a home maintenance issue because they require ongoing vigilance and preventive measures to control. Regular cleaning, decluttering, and inspection of sleeping areas can help prevent infestations. Additionally, using protective covers on mattresses and box springs can deter bed bugs from feeding on residents.

It’s important to note that bed bug infestations are not caused by poor hygiene or cleanliness; they can affect any home regardless of its condition.

Coverage for Pest Infestations

In general, homeowners insurance is designed to cover sudden and accidental damage, not issues that have built up over time due to lack of maintenance or prevention. Unfortunately, most pest infestations, including those from bed bugs, termites, rodents, and other pests, fall into the latter category.

  1. Named Perils vs Open Perils: Homeowners insurance policies typically cover either “named perils” or “open perils”. Named perils policies only cover the risks specifically listed in the policy, while open perils policies cover all risks except those specifically excluded. Pest infestations are usually not a named peril and are often excluded even from open perils policies.
  2. Exclusions: Most homeowners insurance policies explicitly exclude coverage for damage caused by birds, vermin, rodents, and insects, which would include bed bugs. The rationale is that these are considered preventable through regular home maintenance and pest control.
  3. Damage vs Infestation: While the infestation itself is usually not covered, if a pest infestation leads to a covered peril, such as a fire, the resulting damage may be covered. For example, if rodents chew through electrical wiring and cause a fire, the fire damage might be covered.
  4. Liability Coverage: If a guest in your home is bitten by a bed bug and decides to sue, your homeowners insurance may provide liability coverage, depending on the specifics of your policy.

Remember, insurance policies can vary greatly, so it’s important to read your policy documents carefully or speak with your insurance agent to understand exactly what is and isn’t covered.

Bed Bugs and Insurance

Bed Bugs and Insurance

When it comes to bed bugs, the unfortunate news for homeowners is that most insurance policies do not cover bed bug infestations. Here’s why:

  1. Preventable Hazard: Insurance companies classify bed bugs as a home maintenance issue and thus the owner’s responsibility. They reason that regular maintenance via cleaning and disinfecting can fend off a bed bug infestation.
  2. Excluded Damage: In many policies, bed bug infestations would be excluded as preventable damage. The concept is that a home that’s being properly cleaned and maintained would not lead to an infestation.
  3. Not Sudden and Accidental: It takes time to go from a bed bug or two to an infestation. Eggs take 10 days to hatch. From there, it can take one to two months to go from the nymph stage to become an adult bed bug that can mate. An infestation starts slowly so it doesn’t qualify as sudden and accidental damage.
  4. Cost Responsibility: This means you’ll be responsible for the cost of extermination, any damage caused by bed bugs, replacement of items you have to get rid of, and living expenses during treatment.
  5. Other Pests: It’s not just bed bugs that likely won’t be covered by your homeowners insurance. Other damage from insects, such as termites, won’t be covered either unless you carry special coverage that is typically provided by pest control companies as part of their termite control plan.
  6. Rare Exceptions: It would have to be a very unique situation where your homeowners insurance would cover bed bugs. Most policies have a clause known as proximate cause. If an insect infestation occurs because of another covered act, it might be covered.

Preventative Measures

Preventing bed bug infestations involves a combination of vigilance and proactive measures. Here are some practical tips to help homeowners keep these pests at bay:

  1. Inspect Secondhand Furniture: Before bringing any used furniture into your home, carefully check for signs of bed bugs, such as small dark spots or live insects.
  2. Use Protective Covers: Encase your mattress and box springs with protective covers that are designed to prevent bed bugs from entering and make it easier to spot them if they do.
  3. Reduce Clutter: A cluttered home provides more hiding places for bed bugs. Keep your living space tidy and minimize items that can harbor bed bugs.
  4. Vacuum Regularly: Vacuum your home frequently, paying special attention to areas where bed bugs like to hide, such as mattress seams, furniture crevices, and baseboards.
  5. Wash Bedding in Hot Water: Regularly wash and heat-dry your bed sheets, blankets, and any clothing that touches the floor to kill any bed bugs or eggs.
  6. Be Careful When Traveling: Inspect hotel rooms for bed bugs before settling in, and avoid placing your luggage on the bed or against the wall.
  7. Handle Luggage with Care: When returning from travel, keep your luggage separate from your living area and wash your clothes in hot water immediately.
  8. Repair and Seal Cracks: Fix any cracks or crevices in walls, floors, and furniture where bed bugs might hide.

By following these steps, you can significantly reduce the risk of a bed bug infestation in your home. 

Alternative Solutions

When homeowners insurance does not cover bed bug infestations, there are several alternative solutions to consider:

  1. Pest Control Services: Professional pest control companies offer a range of services to eliminate bed bugs, including heat treatments, chemical sprays, and non-toxic options.
  2. DIY Treatments: There are do-it-yourself treatments available, such as bed bug sprays and traps. However, it’s important to follow instructions carefully and understand that DIY methods may not always be effective.
  3. Natural Remedies: Some homeowners opt for natural remedies like diatomaceous earth or essential oils, which can be less harsh than chemical treatments.
  4. Preventative Measures: Take steps to prevent infestations, such as regular cleaning and vacuuming, using protective covers on mattresses, and inspecting secondhand furniture before bringing it into the home.
  5. Insurance Add-Ons: Some insurers offer separate pest coverage extensions for an additional premium. It’s worth checking with your insurance provider to see if this is an option.
  6. Community Resources: Local health departments or community organizations may offer resources or assistance for dealing with bed bug infestations.
  7. Legal Advice: In some cases, if the infestation is due to a landlord’s negligence, legal advice may be necessary to determine if you can seek compensation for the costs of treatment.

It’s important to research and consider all available options to find the most effective and affordable solution for your situation.

Cost of Bed Bug Remediation

The cost of bed bug remediation can vary widely, depending on several factors such as the severity of the infestation, the size of the area needing treatment, and the method of eradication chosen. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Average Cost: The typical range for bed bug treatment cost is $300 to $5,000, with a national average of $1,750.
  2. Factors Influencing Cost: The cost can vary based on the infestation severity, treatment type, home size, size of the infested space, pest control company, type of furniture being treated, treatment frequency, labor, and geographic location.
  3. Inspection Costs: After the initial treatment, you’ll need regular inspections, which cost between $100 and $150 per inspection. If more bed bugs are detected, your pest control provider may need to apply another round of treatment, increasing the total cost.
  4. Treatment Methods: Bed bugs can be treated by a combination of chemicals, heat, physical removal, and even freezing. However, bed bug removal must be complete to be effective; it doesn’t solve the problem if all the live bugs have been killed but not their eggs—when the eggs hatch, the whole process would have to be repeated.

Remember, it’s always a good idea to get quotes from multiple pest control companies to ensure you’re getting the best price.


Q 1. What are the signs of a bed bug infestation?

Ans. Signs of a bed bug infestation include small, itchy bumps on the skin, rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses, dark spots which could be bed bug excrement, and the presence of tiny pale yellow eggshells and eggs.

Q 2. Are there any insurance companies that offer coverage for bed bug infestations?

Ans. Some insurance companies may offer specialized products or endorsements that cover bed bug infestations. These are typically separate from standard homeowners insurance and may come with additional costs.

Q 3. What are the potential health risks associated with bed bug infestations? 

Ans. While bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases, their bites can lead to skin rashes, allergic reactions, and in rare cases, severe reactions. Some people may also experience insomnia and anxiety.

Q 4. Can I treat a bed bug infestation myself, or should I hire a professional?

Ans. While there are DIY methods available, professional extermination is usually recommended due to the difficulty of completely eradicating bed bugs.

Q 5. How quickly can a bed bug infestation spread? 

Ans. Bed bugs can multiply quickly, and in just six months, a few can turn into a full-on infestation of 13,000 or more. Detection is critical to break the bed bug life cycle before they become a bigger problem.

Q 6. What steps should I take if my insurance claim for a bed bug infestation is denied?

Ans. If your claim is denied, you can review your policy to understand the reasons for denial, consult with your insurance agent for clarification, or seek advice from a public adjuster or attorney. In some cases, you may be able to dispute the denial.


In conclusion, dealing with a bed bug infestation can be really stressful, and it’s important to know how homeowners insurance typically handles these situations. Unfortunately, most standard homeowners insurance policies don’t cover bed bug problems, considering them preventable with regular upkeep. The costs to get rid of them can be pretty high, so focusing on prevention and early detection is crucial. Specialized insurance products may offer some relief, but they are not widely available and may come with additional costs.

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