How Are Gig Workers Insured?

In the rapidly evolving world of work, the traditional 9-to-5 job is being challenged by a new paradigm—the gig economy. This burgeoning sector is characterized by flexible, temporary, or freelance jobs, often involving connecting with clients or customers through an online platform. From rideshare drivers and freelance writers to delivery couriers and independent contractors, gig workers are a diverse and growing group.

However, this flexibility comes with its own set of challenges, particularly when it comes to insurance. Unlike traditional employees, gig workers typically don’t have access to employer-sponsored insurance benefits, leaving them vulnerable to the financial risks of illness, injury, or liability. This article aims to shed light on the complex issue of insurance for gig workers, exploring the unique challenges they face, the different types of insurance they might need, and the emerging solutions designed to meet their specific needs.

Challenges in Insuring Gig Workers

Challenges in Insuring Gig Workers

Gig workers face several unique challenges when it comes to getting insured. Here are some key points:

  1. Lack of Employer-Sponsored Benefits: Traditional employees often have access to insurance benefits through their employers, including health, disability, and life insurance. Gig workers, on the other hand, are typically considered independent contractors, which means they’re responsible for securing their own insurance.
  2. Irregular Income: Gig workers often face income instability due to the nature of their work. This can make paying regular insurance premiums challenging. Moreover, income fluctuations can also affect eligibility for certain types of insurance or government assistance.
  3. Need for Flexible Coverage: Gig workers may need more flexible insurance coverage that aligns with the nature of their work. For example, a rideshare driver might need coverage that only applies when they’re actively working.
  4. Understanding What’s Needed: Insurance can be complex, and without the guidance provided by an employer’s HR department, gig workers may struggle to understand what kind of coverage they need. This could lead to gaps in coverage.
  5. Cost of Insurance: Without the cost-sharing that often comes with employer-sponsored plans, gig workers may find the cost of insurance prohibitive.
  6. Access to Group Rates: Traditional employees often have access to group insurance rates, which can be more affordable than individual rates. As independent contractors, gig workers typically don’t have this advantage.
  7. Risk Assessment: Traditional insurance models are based on risk assessment that might not accurately reflect the risks faced by gig workers. For instance, a food delivery person might face different types of risks compared to a graphic designer working from home.
  8. Lack of Awareness: Many gig workers might not be aware of the importance of insurance or the options available to them. This lack of awareness can lead to inadequate coverage.
  9. No Access to Workers’ Compensation: In many regions, independent contractors do not have access to workers’ compensation benefits. This means they could face financial hardship if injured while working.
  10. Navigating Different State Laws: Insurance regulations can vary greatly from state to state, and gig workers who work in multiple states may find it challenging to understand and comply with these various regulations.

These challenges highlight the need for innovative insurance solutions tailored to the needs of gig workers.

Types of Insurance for Gig Workers

Gig workers might need a variety of insurance types depending on their specific line of work. Here are some of the key types of insurance that they might consider:

  1. Health Insurance: This is crucial for everyone, including gig workers. It covers medical expenses arising from illnesses or injuries. Gig workers, who typically don’t have access to employer-sponsored health plans, may need to purchase individual health insurance policies.
  2. Disability Insurance: This type of insurance provides income protection if a worker becomes disabled and is unable to work. For gig workers, who often lack paid sick leave or workers’ compensation, disability insurance can be particularly important.
  3. Liability Insurance: This covers legal costs and payouts if a worker is sued for causing property damage or bodily injury. For example, rideshare drivers or freelance handymen might need this type of coverage.
  4. Professional Indemnity Insurance: This is relevant for gig workers who provide professional services, such as consultants or IT professionals. It covers legal costs and damages if they’re sued for making a mistake in their work.
  5. Life Insurance: This provides a payout to a worker’s dependents if the worker dies. Gig workers, like anyone else, might consider this coverage to protect their loved ones.
  6. Income Protection Insurance: This provides a regular income if a worker is unable to work due to illness or injury. It can be particularly useful for gig workers, whose income might be unstable.
  7. Property Insurance: If a gig worker uses expensive equipment or works from a home office, they might need coverage to protect against loss, damage, or theft of their property.
  8. Vehicle Insurance: Gig workers who use their vehicle for work, such as rideshare drivers or delivery drivers, might need more than just personal auto insurance. They might need a commercial auto policy or a rideshare endorsement.

Remember, the exact insurance needs will depend on the nature of the gig work and the specific risks associated with it. It’s always a good idea for gig workers to speak with an insurance professional to understand their needs and options.

Insurance Providers for Gig Workers

Insurance companies are increasingly recognizing the unique needs of gig workers and are offering policies tailored to their circumstances. Gig workers, such as rideshare drivers, delivery personnel, and freelancers, often require flexible and customizable insurance options to cover the risks associated with their non-traditional work arrangements.

Insurance Providers for Gig Workers

  1. The Zebra: Known for auto insurance, they provide resources to help gig workers find coverage that accounts for their side hustles, ensuring protection while delivering food or driving for a rideshare service.
  2. eHealth: This platform offers various health insurance plans for gig workers, including ACA health plans, short-term health insurance, and options like Medicare/Medicaid.
  3. Specialized Gig Insurance Providers: Companies listed by Benzinga focus on comprehensive coverage for gig workers, including liability, health, and business insurance.

New Insurance Models

The traditional insurance models, with their paper-based underwriting and binding processes, are ill-suited for the dynamic nature of gig work. There’s a pressing need for digital-first solutions that accommodate real-time, flexible coverage options. Here are some emerging models:

  1. Pay-Per-Use Insurance: This model allows gig workers to only pay for insurance when they’re actively working. This can be particularly useful for rideshare drivers or delivery workers who only need coverage during their working hours.
  2. On-Demand Insurance: This model allows gig workers to turn their insurance coverage on and off as needed. This can provide greater flexibility and potentially lower costs for workers with irregular schedules.
  3. Portable Benefits: This is a proposed model where gig workers would accrue benefits like insurance based on the number of hours they work, regardless of which platform(s) they work for.

These new models are still evolving and may not be available everywhere. Gig workers should carefully review their options and consult with an insurance professional to ensure they’re getting the coverage they need.

Government Policies

Government policies regarding insurance for gig workers are an important aspect of the gig economy, as they can significantly impact the protections and benefits available to these workers. Here we are discussing existing and proposed policies:

  1. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Enforcement: The FTC has announced enforcement priorities to protect gig workers from unfair, deceptive, and anticompetitive practices. This includes addressing issues such as deception about pay and hours, unfair contract terms, and wage fixing.
  2. Biden’s Proposal: The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) proposed changes that could reclassify many gig workers as employees, making it easier for them to receive federal labor protections, such as minimum wage and overtime pay. This proposal aims to address the precarious position of gig workers compared to employees.
  3. G20 Policy Principles: The G20 has outlined policy principles to ensure access to adequate social protection for all workers, including those in the gig economy. This includes extending contributory schemes to self-employed workers whose activities are organized or coordinated by an employer or a digital platform.
  4. State-Sponsored Disability Insurance: Some states might offer state-sponsored disability insurance, providing partial income for gig or self-employed workers who don’t have company coverage.
  5. Labor and Tax Policy Improvements: Proposals have been made to eliminate the self-employment tax and extend health insurance tax breaks to all workers, not just those with full-time benefits. These changes aim to support the self-employed and gig workers better.

These policies and proposals reflect a growing recognition of the need to adapt traditional labor protections to the realities of the gig economy. They aim to provide gig workers with more stability and security, acknowledging their significant role in the modern workforce.

Tips for Choosing Insurance

Tips for Choosing Insurance to gig workers

Here are some tips for gig workers on how to choose the right insurance policy:

  1. Understand Your Needs: Every gig worker’s situation is unique, so it’s important to understand your specific needs. Consider the risks associated with your work, your financial situation, and your personal circumstances.
  2. Research: Spend time researching different insurance companies and the policies they offer. Look for companies that have good reputations and positive reviews from other gig workers.
  3. Coverage: Make sure the policy provides the coverage you need. This could include health coverage, disability coverage, liability coverage, etc. Read the policy carefully to understand what is and isn’t covered.
  4. Cost: Consider the cost of the policy. This includes not only the premium but also any deductibles or out-of-pocket costs you might have to pay.
  5. Flexibility: Look for policies that offer flexibility. As a gig worker, your income may fluctuate, so you might want a policy that allows you to adjust your coverage and premiums as needed.
  6. Professional Advice: Consider seeking advice from an insurance professional. They can help you understand your options and choose the best policy for your needs.
  7. Legal Requirements: Be aware of any legal requirements for insurance in your field of work. Some gig platforms or industries may require certain types of insurance.
  8. Policy Terms and Conditions: Always read the terms and conditions of the policy carefully. Make sure you understand all the clauses, especially those related to claims and benefits.

Remember, choosing the right insurance policy is a crucial step in protecting yourself as a gig worker.

Future of Insurance for Gig Workers

The future of insurance for gig workers is a topic of much discussion and speculation. Here are some key points that could shape the future:

  1. Tailored Insurance Products: As the gig economy grows, we can expect to see more insurance products tailored specifically to the needs of gig workers. These could include flexible policies that allow workers to switch on and off coverage as needed, or bundled policies that cover a range of risks.
  2. Legislative Changes: There may be changes in legislation that impact how gig workers are insured. For example, laws could be passed that require gig economy platforms to provide certain types of insurance coverage for their workers.
  3. Role of Technology: Technology will likely play a big role in the future of gig worker insurance. Digital platforms could make it easier for gig workers to find and purchase insurance. Additionally, technology like AI and machine learning could be used to personalize insurance products and pricing.
  4. Partnerships: We might see more partnerships between insurance companies and gig economy platforms. These partnerships could make it easier for gig workers to access insurance.
  5. Awareness and Education: As the gig economy continues to evolve, there will likely be a greater emphasis on educating gig workers about the importance of insurance and how to choose the right coverage.
  6. International Developments: Different countries may develop unique solutions to insuring gig workers, and these ideas could spread globally.

Remember, these are just predictions and the actual future could look very different. The gig economy is a rapidly changing field, and the insurance industry will need to continue adapting to meet the needs of gig workers.


Q 1. Can gig workers qualify for unemployment insurance?

Ans. This depends on the local laws and regulations. Some regions have expanded unemployment insurance to include gig workers, especially in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Q 2. What types of health insurance are available to gig workers?

Ans. Gig workers can access health insurance through the ACA marketplace, private insurers, or membership in professional organizations that offer group health plans.

Q 3. How do gig workers ensure they have adequate liability coverage?

Ans. Gig workers should assess their risk exposure and consider purchasing general liability insurance or professional liability insurance to protect against potential claims.


In conclusion, the gig economy has revolutionized the way we work, offering flexibility and independence to millions of workers. However, this new way of working also brings unique challenges, particularly when it comes to insurance. Gig workers often lack the safety net of traditional employer-sponsored coverage, making it crucial for them to explore alternative insurance options.

From health insurance considerations to auto and liability coverage, gig workers must navigate a complex landscape to ensure they are adequately protected. As the gig economy continues to evolve, so too must the insurance industry, adapting to meet the changing needs of this growing workforce. Ultimately, a collaborative effort between gig workers, businesses, and insurance providers will be key to ensuring a secure future for all in the gig economy.

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